What are Mental and Behavioral Disorders Due to the Use of Hallucinogens?
It develops thanks to the psychedelic movement in modern culture.
Causes of Mental and Behavioral Disorders Due to the Use of Hallucinogens
The group includes the use of psychotomimetics such as LSD, mescaline, psilocybin, as well as phencyclidine and Ecstasy (3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine), which have both hallucinogenic and amphetamine effects. Used per os, as applications on the mucous membranes, in cigarettes.
Symptoms of Mental and Behavioral Disorders Due to the Use of Hallucinogens
Uncontrolled laughter, crying, mood changes, formal disturbances in thinking, euphoria, synesthesia, depersonalization and derealization. Phencyclidine intoxication resembles amphetamine.
Somatic symptoms include tachycardia, increased blood pressure, mydriasis, sweating, fever, nausea, dizziness, and psychopathological symptoms include mental dullness and depression.
Mostly mental addiction.
Mood change. There is no pronounced withdrawal syndrome.
Schizophrenia-like disorder with symptoms of depersonalization and derealization, panic attacks, distorted perception of time, visual and auditory pseudo-and true hallucinations, stereotyped repetition of visual images, ideas of exposure. Delusions of attitude, meaning and harassment.
Not very pronounced.
Residual wealth and psychotic disorder with delayed debut
Mental dullness and the re-emergence of visual or depersonalization images.
Diagnosis of Mental and Behavioral Disorders Due to the Use of Hallucinogens
Based on the history and description of the clinic of intoxication.
Differentiate with schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder and alcohol delirium, organic narcolepsy based on follow-up observation, history data.
Treating Mental and Behavioral Disorders Due to the Use of Hallucinogens
Prescription of benzodiazepines and barbiturates, detoxification and increased excretion of psychoactive substances.