Causes of Nightmares
Deeply repressed phobias, complexes, aggression can be expressed in stereotypical horrors in a dream.
Symptoms of Nightmares
Terrible and disturbing, often stereotypically repeated dreams, the contents of which the patient remembers well. It seems the pursuit, the end of the world, the metamorphosis of objects. The patient is afraid to fall asleep, as this dream can see. In children, fragments of images of sleep can intrude into reality.
Dense and anxious dreams, which the patient remembers in great detail. Clinical signs:
- Awakening (in the second half of sleep) with detailed and lively reproduction of dreams of bright frightening content.
- When you wake up, you quickly reach a normal level of wakefulness and orientation.
- Disorders lead to marked distress.
Nightmares may be present in the initial stages of depression, other endogenous psychosis, and chronic pain. Usually the type of dream suggests its symbolic significance.
Psychotherapy, psychoanalysis, deepening of sleep with antidepressants and tranquilizers, carbamazepine are used.